Follow-On Public Offer (FPO) Definition


Key Takeaway:

  • Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) is a type of public offering where a company issues new shares to the public after its initial public offering (IPO).
  • FPOs are used by companies to raise additional capital for business expansion, debt repayment or diversification, and to provide an opportunity for existing shareholders to sell their shares.
  • The FPO process involves regulatory approvals, price determination, and marketing the offer to potential investors. Companies need to meet certain criteria and follow rules and regulations set by securities exchanges and regulatory bodies.
  • The benefits of FPO include enhancing a company's capital base, providing an opportunity for existing shareholders to buy more shares, and increasing liquidity in trading of company shares.
  • Compared to IPOs, FPOs are less expensive and less time-consuming, as companies can leverage their experience and existing infrastructure. However, FPOs may also dilute existing shareholders ownership in the company.

Are you looking for a way to raise capital for your business? Then a Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) could be the answer. Learn how an FPO works and how it can help you finance your business endeavors.

Definition of FPO

FPO, or Follow-on Public Offer, is a financial term that refers to the process of issuing new shares to the public by a company that is already publicly traded. The aim of such an offer is to raise additional capital for the company. In an FPO, the existing shareholders of the company can also participate, thereby increasing their shareholding. FPO money can be used for various corporate purposes, such as expansion, debt repayment, or acquisition of assets.

During an FPO, a company may float additional shares in the market to raise funds. The shares are offered to the general public, and existing shareholders can also purchase them. The process involves the hiring of investment banks to help with the issuance of the shares, and the price of the new shares is determined based on market demand and supply. FPOs can lead to dilution of ownership of existing shareholders, but it also increases liquidity and provides an opportunity for trading of shares.

An interesting fact about FPO is that it is different from an IPO, or Initial Public Offering, in that an IPO is the first time a company issues shares to the public and becomes publicly listed. On the other hand, an FPO is issued by a company that is already publicly listed and aims to raise additional capital from the public.

How Does FPO Work?

Investment through an FPO involves a company issuing new shares to the public, allowing them to become shareholders and obtain ownership in the company. These newly issued shares are offered at a predetermined price, which is usually lower than the market price. The funds raised through the FPO can be used for various purposes, such as funding expansion plans, reducing debt, and investing in research and development.

In contrast to an IPO, where shares are offered to the public for the first time, an FPO is a subsequent offering of shares. When a company has already gone public, an FPO can be a cost-effective way to raise funds as the company can save on underwriting and other fees associated with going public for the first time.

It is important for investors to conduct thorough research on the company's financials and prospects before investing in an FPO. They should also consider the risks involved, such as the potential dilution of current shareholders' ownership.

To increase the success of an FPO, companies can take several steps, such as providing a clear plan for the use of funds, showing a track record of financial success, and building investor confidence through strong communication and transparency. By following these steps, companies can ensure that their FPOs are successful and provide a strong foundation for future growth.

Benefits of FPO

As a Semantic NLP variation of the heading "Benefits of FPO", we can use "Advantages of Follow-on Public Offer (FPO)".

Advantages of Follow-on Public Offer (FPO):

  • Increase Capital: A successful FPO can provide a significant increase in capital for the company, which can be used to fund future growth plans and projects.
  • Higher Liquidity: With more shares available to the public, FPOs can increase liquidity for the shareholders and create a more active trading environment for the company's shares.
  • Enhance Image: A well-executed FPO can enhance the company's image and reputation, as it indicates that the company has been successful and is in a position to raise capital publicly.
  • Access to Institutional Investors: FPOs can attract institutional investors, such as banks, pension funds, and insurance companies, providing the company with a broad investor base that can bring in more stability and long-term investment.
  • Reduce Debt Burden: FPOs can help companies reduce their debt burdens, as they provide an alternative way to raise capital and pay off high-interest loans.

Moreover, it's important to note that FPOs offer a simpler and less expensive alternative to the initial public offering (IPO). With an FPO, the company already has a public listing, and therefore, the regulatory requirements and legal costs can be relatively lower than IPOs.

Pro Tip: Before committing to an FPO, companies should ensure that they have a long-term plan for their capital-raising strategy and carefully consider the potential dilution of their existing shares.

Comparison of FPO and IPO


Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) and Initial Public Offer (IPO) are two ways for companies to raise capital. FPOs are performed by companies that are already listed on a stock exchange. In contrast, IPOs are the first time a company becomes publicly traded.

FPO IPO Definition The sale of additional shares by a listed company First-time sale of shares by a private company Company involvement Existing shareholders Founders or existing investors Type of market Primary market Both primary and secondary market Objective Raise capital Raise capital and exit strategy Costs Lower Higher

It s worth noting that an FPO can be cheaper and faster for a company since it s less complicated than an IPO. Additionally, the involvement of current shareholders in an FPO shows their confidence in the company's future prospects.

The first-ever Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) in India dates back to 2010 when Coal India raised 15,000 crores through this mode, making it the largest public offering in the country s history at the time.

Five Facts About Follow-on Public Offer (FPO): Definition and How It Works:

  • ✅ An FPO is a type of public offering made by a company that is already public. (Source: Investopedia)
  • ✅ The purpose of an FPO is for a company to raise additional capital by issuing more shares of stock. (Source: Wall Street Mojo)
  • ✅ An FPO can be dilutive because it increases the number of shares outstanding, which can decrease the value of existing shares. (Source: The Motley Fool)
  • ✅ FPOs are generally priced at or near the market price of a company's existing shares. (Source: Corporate Finance Institute)
  • ✅ Companies may use the proceeds from an FPO for various purposes, such as funding growth initiatives or paying off debt. (Source: Forbes)

FAQs about Follow-On Public Offer (Fpo): Definition And How It Works

What is a Follow-on Public Offer (FPO)?

A Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) is a process by which a publicly traded company issues new shares to the public. Companies may execute an FPO for various reasons, including to raise additional capital for expansion, pay down debt, or to provide an exit strategy for existing shareholders.

How does an FPO work?

During an FPO, a company will first file a prospectus with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) outlining the details of the offering. This prospectus will include information on the number of shares being offered, the price per share, and the use of proceeds. Once the prospectus is approved by the SEC, the company will announce the offering and begin accepting orders from investors. The offering typically lasts for a few weeks, after which the shares are allocated and the company receives the funds raised from the offering.

What are some benefits of executing an FPO?

Executing an FPO can provide a number of benefits to a company. Firstly, it can raise additional capital for the business, which can be used for expansion, research and development, or to pay down debt. Secondly, it can increase the liquidity of the company's shares, which can make it easier for existing shareholders to sell their stock. Finally, an FPO can increase the company's public profile, which can help attract new investors and enhance the company's reputation.

What are the risks of executing an FPO?

Executing an FPO can also carry some risks. If the offering is not successful, the company may not be able to raise the capital it needs, which could impact its ability to fund future growth initiatives. Additionally, if the offering is priced too high, it may deter investors from participating, which could result in a lower valuation for the stocks. Finally, the increased supply of shares could potentially dilute the value of existing shares, which could be a concern for current shareholders.

Can anyone participate in an FPO?

Yes, as long as an investor meets the eligibility requirements set forth by the SEC, they can participate in an FPO. Generally, any individual or institution with a brokerage account can participate in an FPO.

What is the difference between an FPO and an IPO?

While both an FPO and an IPO involve a company offering shares to the public, the key difference is that an IPO is the first time a company goes public, while an FPO is a subsequent offering after a company has already gone public. Additionally, in an IPO, the company typically hires underwriters to manage the offering, while in an FPO, the offering is typically handled by the company's management team.