The Definition of Allotment: Reasons for Raising Shares


Key Takeaway:

  • Allotment of shares refers to the process of issuing shares to investors in exchange for their investment in the company. There are three types of allotment: public, private, and preferential.
  • Companies raise shares for various reasons, including funding for business operations and growth, expansion and diversification, and debt reduction and acquisition. The decision to raise shares depends on the company's financial goals and strategic plans.
  • An IPO (Initial Public Offering) is a type of public allotment where a private company sells its shares to the public for the first time. IPOs offer several benefits for companies, such as access to new capital, increased public visibility, and liquidity for existing shareholders. For investors, IPOs offer the opportunity to invest in a growing company and potentially profit from its success.

Are you considering investing in an allotment, but feeling overwhelmed by the process? With the right guidance and a bit of research, you can understand the basics of an allotment, including the reasons why companies choose to raise their shares and how IPOs work. Here's what you need to know.

Allotment Definition

To grasp an improved knowledge of the definition of allotment, we'll delve into the details of shares and the different types of allotment, like public, private, and preferential.

We'll investigate this topic in this section.

Explanation of allotment of shares

Allotment refers to the process of distributing shares or securities to investors in a company. The allocation is carried out either through an Initial Public Offering (IPO), private placement, or rights issue. Investors receive the shares based on certain criteria such as the number of shares available and subscription amount paid. The allotment ratios differ depending on the mode of allocation.

In IPOs, the allotment process is done using a lottery system where investors are given shares based on random selection. Private placements use non-disclosure agreements, and information memorandum to reach clients who are then offered a private allotment. Rights issues offer preferential allotments as per shareholders' existing shareholdings in a company.

The Indian government's 1991 economic reforms led to capital market liberalization that increased foreign investment inflows to India and ushered in electronic trading systems for transparency and efficiency in allocations.

Overall, the process of allocating shares or securities through an allotment enhances company liquidity while creating revenue streams for investors who may reap long-term gains from stock price appreciation or receive dividends from their investments.

Whether it's public, private, or preferential, getting an allotment is like winning the lottery, except the prize is a plot of land instead of cash.

Types of allotment - Public, Private and Preferential

When it comes to allotment, the shares can be categorized into three types. These are made available through different channels and methods, serving varying purposes for investors and companies.

  • Public Allotment - Shares of a company offered to the general public. This type of allotment allows any interested investor to participate in the purchase of shares at market value through an IPO or rights offering.
  • Private Allotment - Shares allocated to a specific group or accredited investors outside the public offering process. Companies may opt for private allotment to raise capital without going through the rigorous process of an IPO or SEC registration.
  • Preferential Allotment - Shares allotted to select individuals such as promoters, directors, employees, or existing shareholders who have prior subscription rights according to predefined eligibility criteria and conditions.
  • Reserved Share Allotment - Securities set aside by a company for a specific purpose such as acquisition or employee stock options plans.

It is worth noting that different securities regulations govern each type of allotment. For instance, public allotments must comply with SEC guidelines on prospectus disclosure requirements and registration statements.

If you're considering investing in a company's shares, understand which method they used for allotment and respective regulations that govern them.

By doing some research beforehand and keeping up-to-date with regulations relevant to your investment strategy, you can increase your chances of making informed decisions while avoiding potential losses.

Don't miss out on opportunities that could be crucial in building your investment portfolio. Stay informed about developments in securities laws and related changes in the industry landscape and make investment choices based on well-informed insights.

Raising shares is like a game of Jenga - one wrong move and the whole thing could come crashing down.

Reasons for Raising Shares

Need funding for your business? Check out this article! It's about 'Allotment Definition, Reasons for Raising Shares, IPOs'. Here, you'll find info on why you need to raise shares. For example: business expansion, raising funds for operations and growth, and debt reduction/acquisition. Dig into the 'Reasons for Raising Shares' section for more details.

Funding for business operations and growth

To enable the smooth running and expansion of business operations, adequate funding is necessary. In today's rapidly changing business landscape, acquiring funds through various means has become imperative. One way businesses can get substantial capital for funding is through selling shares in the market.

Shares are equal units of ownership within a company that represents the proportional shareholding of the shareholder. Companies raise capital by allotting and issuing new shares to investors who purchase them in exchange for money. The legal definition of shares-allotment is the process of creating and issuing new shares to individuals or institutions with permission from the company's board of directors.

Raising funds through share-allotment is an effective method to finance a company's growth due to several reasons.

  1. it helps businesses generate considerable capital while avoiding debt obligations associated with loans.
  2. this method leads to long-term investments in the company and promotes partnership-like relationships between shareholders and management; thus, benefiting both parties.
  3. Finally, if a company chooses to go public, it can issue its Initial Public Offering (IPO) by making its shares available on the stock market, providing an easy route for fundraising.

For instance, Apple Inc., one of the most valuable companies globally, raised around $2 billion when it went public in 1980 by selling over four million shares at $22 each. This investment helped boost Apple's growth, as they went on to produce innovative products like iPhone, iPad etc.

When it comes to expanding and diversifying your portfolio, remember: "Don't put all your eggs in one stock basket, unless you really like omelettes."

Expansion and diversification

Expanding and diversifying the range of operations are critical factors that drive business growth. A company's expansion may result in the opening of new branches or diversification of products. Incorporating technology and innovation into the business process is also an excellent way to expand. Through this, a business can improve its outreach and gain more customers.

Expansion and diversification can elevate a company's revenue, making it more appealing to investors looking for high investment returns. In addition, larger companies are likely to gain access to more funding options to finance their growth plans. The high demand for shares generated by this expansion can increase a company's market value, thereby raising its share price.

Researching and investing in companies that have recently expanded or diversified their operation can be beneficial for investors seeking profitable ventures.

A promising idea for expanding a business is through mergers and acquisitions, often referred to as M&As. M&As involve combining two or more companies' operations to reduce competition, decrease costs and increase efficiency. This approach enables businesses undergoing the merger process to leverage each other's strengths effectively.

Overall, Expansion and diversification strategies open up more opportunities for businesses while helping them achieve long-term stability. By executing these techniques efficiently, businesses can increase their profit margins while attracting potential investors who seek high returns on investments.

Who needs a budget when you can just buy up all your debts and call it an acquisition?

Debt reduction and acquisition

With the use of share allotment, companies can effortlessly reduce their debt and acquire new assets. Share allotments help in increasing capital and hence providing stability to a company's finances. This leads to reduced debts, allows mergers and acquisitions for the better performance of the company.

Furthermore, many companies are utilizing IPOs (Initial Public Offerings) to raise funds for debt reduction and acquisition. With IPOs, a company can attract new investors while generating additional capital through share selling to public investors. These investments help in raising a significant amount of funds that can be used for reducing debts or acquiring more assets.

It is interesting to note that according to a report by "EY India", India recorded 87 IPO launches in 2020, raising INR 51,463 crore ($6.9 billion), with half of the proceeds being raised by financial services firms.

Take the plunge into IPOs and you might just end up swimming in a pool of profits (or drowning in debt, but let's stay positive).


IPOs (Initial Public Offerings) are a great solution for attaining financial support for company growth. We'll be taking a closer look at them, and discussing their definition and explanation. Plus, the benefits for both companies and investors.

Let's get into it!

Definition and explanation of IPOs

Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) refer to the first time a company offers its shares to the public in order to raise capital. IPOs serve as a source of fundraising for companies which have potential growth prospects and want to expand their business operations by raising capital from multiple sources.

IPOs are quite popular among startups and established private companies that aim to enter the stock market, but require significant funds for different business purposes such as research and development, marketing, product expansion, or for other uses such as paying off existing debts or providing an exit opportunity to stakeholders.

Despite being an attractive option, IPOs involve several risks such as liquidity constraints and volatile shifts in market prices. Nevertheless, companies often consider IPOs as an effective way of gaining credibility by becoming publicly listed on a stock exchange.

If you're an investor seeking promising investment opportunities with long-term benefits, IPOs can provide you lucrative options worth considering. Keep an eye on upcoming IPO announcements and consult with your financial advisor if you are unsure of where to begin.

Going public with an IPO is like throwing a party for your company, where investors bring their wallets instead of gifts.

Benefits of IPOs for companies

IPOs are a popular way for private companies to raise funds by offering their shares publicly. By offering shares on the stock exchange, companies can receive several benefits that help them grow and expand their operations.

  • Access to a larger pool of capital
  • Better liquidity, allowing shareholders to sell their shares more easily
  • Increase in corporate visibility and credibility, helping attract investors and clients
  • Creation of an exit strategy for early investors or founders
  • Potential for future offerings or mergers and acquisitions

Moreover, IPOs also provide a valuable opportunity for companies to evaluate their business plans and financial performance thoroughly. Companies need to pass through stringent regulatory requirements before going public, which ensures transparency and accountability.

One notable fact is that in 2021, Coinbase, a US-based cryptocurrency exchange platform, went public through a direct-listing approach instead of a traditional IPO.

Why settle for a steady income when you can take a chance on an IPO and potentially have a rollercoaster of financial gains (or losses)?

Benefits of IPOs for investors

IPOs provide investors with various advantages when participating in the initial sale of shares. Here are some benefits of investing in an IPO:

  • Opportunity to invest and gain ownership share in a promising company
  • Potential appreciation of stock value
  • Ability to profit from early sale of IPO shares
  • Diversifying investment portfolio through equity shares
  • Getting priority in future offerings by the company
  • Institutionalized regular updates about the company performance, strategies, and future outlook.

As an added benefit, investors might relish confidence in supporting new businesses or start-ups with innovative ideas.

Individuals who have invested through IPO can also enjoy early rights and price targets as IPOs tend to be priced cheaper than their market value. Investors should research the risk profile of companies issuing IPOs before investing; many factors including management leadership skills, business models, and growth prospects can influence their decision.

A recent example is Roblox going public recently and raised over $520 million in the process. The online gaming platform's founder saw his personal wealth surge over $4 billion within a few hours of trading. It shows that a well-executed launch can help companies unlock significant market valuations while opening a range of financial opportunities for both founders and stakeholders alike.

Five Facts About Allotment Definition, Reasons for Raising Shares, IPOs:

  • ✅ Allotment definition refers to the process of distributing shares among investors after an IPO or rights issue. (Source: Investopedia)
  • ✅ Companies raise funds through issuing shares in order to finance business expansion, research and development, or debt repayment. (Source: The Balance)
  • ✅ IPOs are Initial Public Offerings, when a company first lists its shares on a public exchange to raise capital from investors. (Source: CNBC)
  • ✅ Investing in IPOs can be risky, as the price of the stock may fluctuate significantly in the early days of trading. (Source: Forbes)
  • ✅ Companies may choose to raise capital through IPOs or rights issues, depending on the company's financial needs and market conditions. (Source: The Economic Times)

FAQs about Allotment Definition, Reasons For Raising Shares, Ipos

What is Allotment Definition?

Allotment Definition refers to the process of distributing a fixed number of securities to the investors who have applied for it.  

What are the Reasons for Raising Shares?

The reasons for raising shares are to get necessary capital to invest in the company's future growth, reduce debt levels, and reduce the dependence on debt financing, and expand the business.  

What are IPOs?

IPOs, or initial public offerings, refer to the process of offering shares of a private company to the public for the first time, thereby enabling the company to raise capital from a large base of public investors.  

What are the Advantages of an IPO?

The advantages of an IPO are access to capital, public visibility and credibility, ability to attract top talent, enhanced corporate governance, and increased shareholder value.  

What are the Disadvantages of an IPO?

The disadvantages of an IPO are high costs, increased regulatory compliance, loss of control, pressure to perform in the short term, increased public scrutiny, and the risk of litigation.  

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